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馬龍影評

Peter Malone是 SIGNIS主 席 , 有 31 年 影 評 的 經 驗 , 並 出 任 16 個 國 際 影 展 如 柏 林 影 展 、 威 尼 斯 影 展 的 評 判 , 可 以 堪 稱 為 「 電 影 百 科 全 書 」 !

INDEX

In This World


by Peter Malone,15-7-2003

In This World

Director: Michael Winterbottom
Cast: Jamal Udin Torabi, Enayatullah
Duration: 88 minutes

In the crowded Afghan refugee camps outside Peshawar on the northwest frontier of Pakistan, two young cousins, Enayat and Jamal, set out overland for London. No ID documents, a little money, a little English, at the mercy of people smugglers, they make their way through Iran (and are sent back to Pakistan), back through Iran, over the Turkish mountains to Istanbul, locked in a container on a boat to Trieste... Asylum seekers. Controversies rage in Britain and other European countries. The closure of the temporary camp at Sangatte on the Channel coast where so many refugees jumped trains and trucks to attempt a concealed journey to England led to an influx into England. These are social and political topics that led to heated arguments prior to the war on Iraq. In the aftermath of the war, thousands of displaced people will be on the move again. Catholic papers like The Universe have constantly alerted its readers to the plight of the Iraquis and other refugees. What should be done?

British director, Michael Winterbottom, offers one answer: put a face on these anonymous refugees, show their story so that the argument will not just be about statistics or unspecified fears.

When <In This World> won the Ecumenical Prize at this year's Berlin Film Festival from a jury consisting of three Catholics representing SIGNIS, the World Catholic Association for Communication, and three members representing Interfilm, the Protestant Organisation for Film Festival juries, commentators were pleased that the Churches had acknowledged the global problems of millions of people on the move. The next day, the press was very surprised that this small-budget film running under 90 minutes won the main award, the Golden Bear.

While we see news items about the refugees, and they are frequently alarmist in tone, few of us know many of them or even any of them. Winterbottom has taken a small digital video camera and re-created the harsh journey from Peshawar to London and invites us to accompany him. We get to know the two cousins, especially Jamal and share with them the uncertainties of the journey. None of us would like to spend our lives and see our future in the camp in Peshawar, dusty, crowded, limited access to water. We would try to get out.

During the journey, which has more comforts these days like bus travel and phone calls, we experience the two boys limited language skills, their having to trust so many people who might swindle them, the interrogations by police. As they get closer to their goal, they are trapped in the container ship and, like the 58 Chinese who suffocated in the back of a truck two years ago, not everyone survives.

Afghans have been refugees in Pakistan since the Russian invasion over twenty years ago. Others fled the Taliban. Others fled the bombings of 2001. There are more than three million Afghan refugees in Iran alone. When the bombs stop falling, how will the people live, where can they go? And, without explicitly asking its audience, this is what this film challenges us to ponder.

 

 

 



In This World

導演:米高溫達保頓
演員:Jamal Udin Torabi、Enayatullah
片長:88分鐘

在巴基斯坦的西北邊陲,白沙瓦外一個擠逼的阿富汗難民營內,兩名年輕的堂兄弟依拿也及詹姆展開前往倫敦的陸上旅程。他們沒有任何證件,只有小量金錢及有限的英語。在走私者的協助下,他們越過伊朗(後來被送返巴基斯坦),再次穿越伊朗,越過土耳其山脈抵達伊斯坦堡,匿藏在船隻的貨櫃裡前往意大利的里雅斯特... 尋求外國庇護人士。有關話題在英國及其他歐洲國家引起激烈的爭議。鄰近英法隊道法國入口的桑加特臨時難民營關閉後,大批難民匿藏在火車及貨車偷渡到英國,這些社會及政治話題早在伊拉克戰事之前已引發熱切討論。戰事發生後,成千上萬流離失所的人民將要再度遷徙。天主教報章《宇宙》不斷提醒讀者有關伊拉克及其他難民的苦況。究竟應該做些什麼?

英國導演米高溫達保頓給我們提供了一個答案:給這些沒有姓名的難民一張臉孔,講述他們的故事,好讓有關爭論並非只涉及統計數字或模糊的恐慌。

本片在今年柏林電影節贏得「宗教人道獎」,這獎項由六位評判組成:其中三人來自代表天主教的國際公教廣播影視協會;另三人代表基督教電影節評審團Interfilm。有評論人士對於教會能正視這有關數百萬人遷徙的全球問題感到高興;翌日,傳媒得悉這齣片長少於九十分鐘的低成本製作竟奪得電影節最重要的獎項「金熊獎」時,感到非常詫異。

當我們看到有關難民的新聞時,那些報導經常是危言聳聽,只有少數人認識當中的難民,甚至一個也不認識。米高溫達保頓以細小的數碼攝錄機,重塑從白沙瓦到倫敦的艱苦旅程,並邀請我們作伴。我們開始認識堂兄弟倆,特別是詹姆,並與他們分享旅程中不可預知的事情。我們沒有人會希望自己居住在白沙瓦的營地或在那裡渡過餘生,只見塵土飛揚、地方擠逼及水源有限,我們只想趕快離去。

旅程中,現今的巴士旅遊及通電話使人較為安心,我們體驗堂兄弟倆有限的語言技能;他們要信任那些可能會欺騙他們的人,以及面對警察的盤問。當他們越來越接近目標,被困於貨櫃船裡,情況就好像兩年前五十八名中國人匿藏在貨車車尾般,並非所有人都能生存下來。

自從二十多年前蘇聯入侵阿富汗,阿富汗人一直以難民身份居住在巴基斯坦,其他人則逃避塔里班,有的更在二零零一年的炮火中消失了。目前在伊朗還有超過三百萬名阿富汗難民,當炮火停止時,人民將如何生活?他們可以往哪裡去?影片雖然沒有直接向觀眾發問,卻藉此挑戰我們去思索。

翻譯:羅展凰
編輯:王慧慈



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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