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馬龍影評

Peter Malone是 SIGNIS主 席 , 有 31 年 影 評 的 經 驗 , 並 出 任 16 個 國 際 影 展 如 柏 林 影 展 、 威 尼 斯 影 展 的 評 判 , 可 以 堪 稱 為 「 電 影 百 科 全 書 」 !

The Pianist

INDEX




by Peter Malone,17-3-2003

The Pianist

Director: Roman Polanski
Cast: Adrien Brody, Thomas Kretschmann
Duration: 148 minutes

The events portrayed in this film took place sixty years ago during one of the greatest horror stories and tragedies of the 20th century, the Holocaust. Each decade has produced its cinema version of these events: the 1970s miniseries, Holocaust, Sophie's Choice in the 1980s and, of course, Schindler's List in the 1990s. The survivors are now growing older and dying. These films contribute to keeping our consciences alert, 'Lest we forget'.

One person who has not forgotten is Polish film director, Roman Polanksi, who will turn seventy this year. As a little boy, Polanski himself escaped the bombing of Warsaw with his father and joined his mother in the ghetto in Kracow. She later died in the camps. He was helped by non-Jewish friends in Krakow and survived. Pain has followed Polanski. When he was thirty-five, his wife Sharon Tate was brutally murdered by Charles Manson and his followers. Some of this suffering went into his films, especially his violent version of Macbeth made after his wife's death.

With The Pianist, Polanski is able, at last, to share something of his childhood story. The telling, however, while it has terrible moments of Nazi atrocities towards the Jews, is done in a more traditional, classical way of film-making, not what might expect from the often bizarre Polanski. The screenplay, by England's Ronald Harwood, is straightforward in its narrative. The film uses many authentic Warsaw locations as well as computer graphic effects that re-create the impact of the invasion of the city. The Pianist won the Palme D'Or in Cannes in 2002.

But it is not Polanski's story. As director, he is almost anonymous. What he has done is to take the opportunity to tell his own childhood story through the memoirs of an actual Jewish pianist, Wladislaw Szpilman (who died in July 2000). Throughout the film Szpilman and Polanski seem to be observers of Warsaw's suffering rather than participants in it. While this gives a different perspective on the deportations, the ghetto uprising, the Polish resistance and the entry of the Russians to liberate the city, the film spends a lot of time with the pianist's lone exile and patient survival, hidden in apartments and dependent on kind and fearful neighbours. With Szpilman, we frequently look out of windows, helpless in the face of what we see.

Szpilman is played by American actor, Adrien Brody, who enters deeply into his character, portraying the grief at the upheaval of his family, playing music in the cafe's of Warsaw, using his fingers to 'play' silently with the music inside his head offering him some sanity and consolation. As in the film, in real life Szpilman was discovered by a Nazi officer who was moved by his music and protected him before he himself disappeared into the Russian camps.

This is a film of great sadness and beauty and and one comes away with a deep sense of the inhumanity of the Nazis, the humiliation of the Jews and their suffering.





鋼琴戰曲

導演:波蘭斯基
演員:艾哲倫保迪、湯馬士祈舒曼
片長:148分鐘

<鋼琴戰曲>所描述的事件發生在六十年前,是二十世紀其中一場最恐怖的悲劇:納粹大屠殺。每隔十年便有電影以這些慘劇作為題材,例如七十年代的電視迷你連續劇<納粹大屠殺>;八十年代的<蘇菲的抉擇>及九十年代的<舒特拉的名單>。隨著時間流逝,生還者日趨年老,這些電影不斷提醒我們的良知要時刻保持警醒,「免得我們忘記這慘痛的歷史」。

其中一位對事件不能忘懷的人,就是波蘭籍導演波蘭斯基,他今年踏入七十歲了。他年少時與父親逃離戰火連天的華沙,逃到克拉科夫的猶太區跟母親會合,不久她在營中逝世。波蘭斯基在克拉科夫得到非猶太裔的朋友幫助,生存下來。但痛苦一直跟隨他,他在三十五歲時,太太莎朗泰特被查理斯文遜及其黨羽以殘暴的手法殺死。他將痛苦反映到自己的電影,特別是太太死後完成的<馬克白>暴力版本。

在<鋼琴戰曲>中,波蘭斯基與觀眾分享了部份孩童時代的故事。他在處理納粹黨殺害猶太人那些部份時,以傳統及經典的電影拍攝手法表達,並非觀眾所期待的怪異風格。電影劇本由英國的朗奴夏活負責,敘述非常直接。片中有許多場面在華沙實地取景,又以電腦效果,重組當年華沙被侵略的情景。本片贏得2002年康城電影節金棕櫚獎。

不過,本片並非波蘭斯基的個人故事,作為導演,他非常低調,只透過一位真實存在的猶太裔鋼琴家薜菲曼的回憶(他在二千年七月去世),趁機講述自己的童年往事。片中,鋼琴家薜菲曼與波蘭斯基仿如旁觀者般,看著華沙受苦,並非參與其中。影片以不同的角度描述人民被驅逐出境,猶太貧民區的掙扎,波蘭人民的反抗,以及俄羅斯人到來解放華沙。影片花了很長的篇幅講述鋼琴家顛沛流離與掙扎求存,男主角匿藏在公寓裡,與戰戰兢兢的鄰居互相扶持。片中我們經常看到薜菲曼望向窗外,一臉無助。


美籍演員艾哲倫保迪飾演薜菲曼,他對角色的揣摩非常透徹,尤其演繹家庭發生巨變後的悲痛,在華沙一間咖啡店彈奏音樂,寂靜地「彈奏」腦海中的音樂,給予自己心靈上的慰藉。正如片中所說,現實中的薜菲曼被一位納粹軍官發現,賞識他的音樂才華,願意保護他,該軍官最後更因此被送往俄羅斯集中營。

這是一部充滿傷感和美善的電影,使人深深感受到納粹黨毫無人性的行為,以及猶太人所受的侮辱和痛苦。


翻譯:郭煒琳
編輯:王慧慈

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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